Date, History, and Meaning of Parsi New Year in 2023

A joyful event celebrated between July and August is the Parsi New Year, Navroz, or Nowruz. This year, the Parsi New Year occurred on August 16. This celebrated festivities, which take its name from the Persian terms "Nav" and "Roz," which show "new day," has a long history that dates back more than 3,000 years.

Origin of Parsi New Year

While Navroz is observed worldwide on March 21, the Spring Equinox, the Parsi community in India follows the Shahenshahi calendar. Because of the unique calendar's disrespect for leap years, the holiday is now observed 200 days after it was initially scheduled.

History and Cultural Significance

The festival's origins may be attributed to Zoroastrianism, which is among the first monotheistic faiths in history. It started more than 3,500 years ago in ancient Iran when Prophet Zarathustra, a great man, established this faith. The joy of Zoroastrianism continued for 1,400 years, until the 7th century when the Islam religion started to establish ground. Many Zorostrianists abandoned their homes in Iran as a result of this change and moved to India and Pakistan. A group known as the Parsis settled in these new locations and found shelter.

The origin of the festival may be related to the mythical ruler Jamshed, who stopped an approaching winter from ruining the planet.

Celebration of Parsi New Year

The largest Parsi communities in India are found in Gujarat and Maharashtra, making Parsis the nation's largest ethnic minority.

On this day, people clean their homes and beautify them with flowers and rangolis and pray for money and good health. They dress in costumes and travel to the "Agiary," or fire temple, where they offer milk, flowers, fruits, and sandalwood to the sacred fire.

The Four Fs—fire, fragrance, food, and friendship—center the festivities. Consuming delicious Parsi food, asking for forgiveness for the mistakes of the previous year, purging one's mind, and starting the new year with love and harmony are all part of the celebration.

For a complete feast, Parsis make delicacies like prawn patio, mori dar, patra ni macchi, haleem, akoori, sali boti, saffron pulao, and falooda. Parsis decorate or place many items on their tables to make them unique, such as a holy book, a mirror, aromatic sticks, fruits, lovely flowers, bright coins, candles, a bowl with a goldfish, and a portrait of Zarathustra.

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